Piles, Fissure and Fistula

Posted by: Dr Soham Patel Comments: 0

Understanding Proctology: What You Need to Know

Proctology is the specialized branch of medicine dedicated to rectal and anal health. Conditions such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures, anal abscesses, and anal fistulas fall under the purview of proctologists. With advancements in medical technology and a growing understanding of these conditions, modern proctology treatments aim to provide effective solutions that promote healing and alleviate discomfort.


Piles, or hemorrhoids, occur when the blood vessels in the anal and rectal area become swollen and inflamed. This can lead to a variety of symptoms, including itching, pain, discomfort, and bleeding during bowel movements. While the exact cause of piles can vary, factors such as chronic constipation, straining during bowel movements, pregnancy, and a sedentary lifestyle can contribute to their development.


Anal fissures are small tears in the lining of the anus, leading to pain and bleeding during bowel movements. Treatment often involves dietary changes to promote softer stools, topical medications to aid healing, and in some cases, surgical procedures to repair the fissure and prevent recurrence.


Anal abscesses are painful collections of pus near the anus, while anal fistulas are abnormal connections between the anal canal and surrounding tissues. Treatment typically involves draining the abscess, followed by surgical procedures to manage the fistula and promote proper healing.

Myths and Facts about Piles

Myth: Piles or Hemorrhoid affect only elderly people   
Fact: Piles can even occur in young people. Mostly young people who suffer from  Diarrhea, Constipation & pregnant women are prone to piles.

Myth: Piles are caused by sitting on cold surfaces
Fact: Piles are usually caused by straining during bowel movements or prolonged sitting.

Myth: Spicy food causes piles
Fact: Piles or Hemorrhoids are caused by strain on the veins near the anus that is caused by constipation. Foods low in fiber typically cause piles.

Myth: Exercises must be avoided if you have piles
Fact: Regular exercise reduces the risk of piles. A person suffering from 4th-grade piles should avoid lifting heavy weights that put pressure on the bottom muscles.

When Should you worry about Haemorrhoids?  
If you experience rectal bleeding or see bright red blood during or after motion, If you have pain and discomfort in the anus area or rectum may be signs of piles.

What do piles look like?
Normal hemorrhoidal tissue cannot be seen since it must first swell or develop a clot to cause symptoms. Swollen piles will appear as a swelling coming from the anus and may be dark bluish in color, usually, it will be associated with pain.

How can I know if I have Fistula?     
If you have a point near your anus where you get repeated infection and pus, probably you have a fistula in ano.

What are the causes of developing Fistula? 
constipation, sitting for long hours, poor hygiene, and Improper shaving of hair in the anus area are some reasons to cause infection and cause to be Fistula.


When it comes to proctology treatments, seeking specialized care is essential for effective relief and long-term wellness. At Ashwinau Hospital, we take pride in our commitment to providing the highest quality treatments. Our skilled proctologists, state-of-the-art facilities, and patient-centered approach ensure that you receive the best care possible. Take the first step towards a healthier future by scheduling a consultation today.